Why And How To Create Responsive Web Design?



 With a rising number of people accessing the internet via mobile devices, having a static website design that simply looks nice on a computer screen is no longer enough to be successful.

Not to mention that while creating a design, you must take into account tablet computers, 2-in-1 laptops, and many smartphone models with varying screen sizes.


As a result, just dumping all of your material into a single column and calling it a day won't cut it.


With responsive web design, you can ensure that your website looks its best on a variety of devices, including mobile phones, tablets, laptops, and desktop computers.


And an enhancement in the user experience translates into improved conversion rates and increased company growth.


Everything you need to know about responsive website design will be covered in this comprehensive tutorial, which will include terminology, a step-by-step overview, examples, and more.


What Is Responsive Web Design and How Does It Work?


Web design that is responsive and adapts your website content to the varying screen and window sizes of a range of devices is known as responsive web design.


On desktop displays, for example, your information may be divided into several columns since the screens are broad enough to enable such design.


If you divide your material into many columns on a mobile device, consumers will have a difficult time reading and interacting with the content.


As a result of responsive design, it is feasible to offer numerous, unique layouts of your information and design to different devices based on the size of their screens.


What is the difference between responsive web design and adaptive design?


There is a significant distinction between responsive and adaptable design in that responsive design modifies the rendering of a single page version whereas adaptive design does not. Adaptive design, on the other hand, creates numerous totally distinct versions of the same page in a single session.


Even though there are two important web design trends that allow webmasters to manage how their site appears on various displays, their approaches are rather different.


Users will be able to view the same basic file via their browser, regardless of their device, but CSS code will govern the layout and present it differently depending on the screen size. There is a script that checks the screen size and then retrieves the template that was developed for that particular device when using adaptive design.


The Importance of Responsive Design


For those of you who are new to the worlds of web design and development, as well as blogging, you may be wondering why responsive design is important in the first place.


The solution is straightforward. It's no longer enough to design for a single piece of hardware or software. More than 51 percent of internet traffic now comes from mobile devices, which has surpassed desktop traffic as the primary source of website traffic.


When more than half of your prospective visitors are browsing the internet on a mobile device, you can't just give them a website that was created for a desktop computer. It would be difficult to understand and utilize, and it would result in a negative user experience.


But that's not all there is to it. Users of mobile devices also account for the vast majority of visits to search engines.


Finally, over the course of a few years, mobile has risen to become one of the most essential advertising platforms available today. The amount of money spent on mobile advertising is increasing 4.8 percent year on year to $91.52 billion, even in a post-pandemic market.


No matter if you choose to promote on social media or use a more organic strategy such as YouTube SEO, the great majority of your traffic will come from smartphone and tablet devices.


It is impossible to maximise the return on investment of your marketing efforts if your landing pages are not optimised for mobile devices and are difficult to use. Poor conversion rates will result in fewer leads and more money spent on advertising.


What Are the Fundamentals of Responsive Web Design?


In this part, we'll go over the fundamental principles of responsive website design as well as the many building elements that make up the design.


CSS and HTML

Media Queries

Fluid Layouts

Flexbox Layout

Responsive Images

Speed


  • CSS and HTML 


The combination of HTML and CSS, two programming languages that manage the content and layout of a web page in any particular web browser, serves as the cornerstone of responsive design.


HTML is primarily used to govern the structure, components, and content of a website, among other things. For example, in order to include a picture on a website, HTML code must be used.



Within your HTML code, you may also change basic characteristics like height and width, although this is no longer regarded as best practice.


CSS, on the other hand, is used to alter the look and layout of the items you put on a page that are created using HTML. CSS code may be placed in an HTML document's style> section, or it can be included in a separate stylesheet file.


In the case of HTML pictures, we could change the width of all of them at the element level.


Alternatively, we may target the particular class "full-width-image" by using a period before the class name.


You have further flexibility over the design in addition to height, width, and colour. When used with a method known as media query, this is how you may make a design responsive by using CSS in this manner.


  • Media queries


A media query is a core component of CSS3 that allows you to show material in multiple ways depending on criteria such as screen size and resolution.


It operates in a manner similar to an "if clause" in certain programming languages, essentially determining whether or not a screen's viewport is large enough before running the required code.


If the screen is at least 780 pixels wide, pictures of the "full-width-img" class will take up 90 percent of the screen and will be automatically centred by equally wide margins if the screen is at least 780 pixels wide.


  • Fluid Layouts


In today's responsive design, a fluid layout is an absolute must-have feature. It used to be possible to specify a static value for every HTML element, such as 600 pixels. But those were the good old days!


Instead of static numbers, a fluid layout makes use of dynamic values such as a percentage of the viewport width.


According to the size of the screen, this technique will dynamically expand or reduce the sizes of the various container elements on the page.


  • Flexbox Layout


Many designers and web developers believed that a percentage-based layout was not dynamic or adaptable enough, despite the fact that it is fluid in nature. CSS module Flexbox is supposed to be a more efficient means of laying out several items, even when the size of what is being shown within the container is unknown ahead of time.

Items in a flex container may be expanded to fill available empty space or shrunk to prevent overflow from occurring. You can't alter the characteristics of flex containers using a conventional HTML element since they have a lot of unique properties, such as justify-content.


  • Responsive Images


The most fundamental iteration of responsive images follows the same notion as a fluid layout, with the width and height controlled by a dynamic unit.


Using the percent unit, you may approximate a single percentage of the width or height of the viewport, which ensures that the picture stays in proportion to the screen.


The drawback with this strategy is that every user, including those using mobile devices, must download the full-sized picture.


Using the HTML srcset property in your img tags to indicate more than one image size from which to pick will allow you to deliver several versions of the same picture scaled for different devices.


When photos are placed in posts or pages, WordPress automatically makes advantage of this feature.


  • Speed


You should give high importance to website loading speed when trying to establish a responsive design for your business website.


Sites that load in 2 seconds or less have an average bounce rate of 9 percent, but pages that take 5 seconds or more have a bounce rate of 38 percent.


Your approach to responsiveness should not cause your page's initial render to be blocked or delayed any longer than is absolutely necessary.


There are a variety of techniques you may use to help your pages load quicker. The following are excellent suggestions: optimising your images, using caching and minification, adopting a more efficient CSS layout, eliminating render-blocking JS, and enhancing your crucial rendering route.


You might also experiment with Google AMP for your mobile sites, however our Google AMP case study found that our mobile leads plummeted by a stunning 59 percent as a result of the implementation.


Frequently Occurring Responsive Breakpoints


Before you can begin working with media queries, you must first determine what are known as "responsive breakpoints" or "screen size breakpoints." A breakpoint is the width of the screen at which you may use a media query to add new CSS styles to your website.


Screen sizes that are often used


360 x 640 pixels for mobile devices

375 x 667 pixels for mobile devices

360 x 720 pixels for mobile devices

Pixel 2: 411 x 731 pixels iPhone X: 375 x 812 pixels

768 x 1024 pixels on a tablet computer

1366 x 768 pixels on a laptop

Laptop or desktop with a high resolution of 1920 x 1080


A mobile-first design strategy, with a single column and reduced font sizes as the starting point, eliminates the requirement for mobile breakpoints, unless you wish to tweak the design for certain devices.


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